Zone: 4 to 9
Soil: Sand to loam
Light: Full sun to part shade
Bloom colour: Red, pink and white
Bloom period: May to September
Height: Up to 10 feet
Moisture: Dry to medium
Attracts: Hummingbirds and queen bumblebees
Notes: Most honeysuckles planted in gardens are vines. Avoid buying a species from outside North America such as Japanese honeysuckle because they are highly invasive. The best thing about these vines is the long flowering season. Once a hummingbird finds this plant, it will remember its location and return on a regular basis to feed from it. These plants also produce berries that are enjoyed by other birds.
The vines shown here are selections of Lonicera sempervirens, a North American native. It is not native to Canada. They need support with a trellis and will grow in a well drained and sunny location.
Honeysuckles are often attacked by aphids in the spring. Instead of using pesticide, it is preferable to let goldfinches clean them up. These birds supplement their seed diet with insects. If you do not have finches available, ladybirds or lacewings will eventually come in and bring the aphid population under control. Flowering will resume soon after this has occured.
For gardeners from Eastern Canada, who want to plant a truly native species, Canada Fly Honeysuckle, Lonicera canadensis, is recommended. As shown in the picture, it is not particularly floriferous, but if you have a small shady spot that needs filling, then this plant is perfect. It flowers early in Southern Ontario before the hummingbirds arrive and it is popular with queen bumblebees. This shrub sprawls and should be supported with a cane. It produces pairs of small yellow flowers. After fertilisation, the berries that form on each flower fuse together at the base. This plant grows up to about 4 feet in height and the leaves remain in good condition througout the growing season.